The Engine is clearly a very crucial part of the car. It takes in fuel and puts out power that is used, eventually, to turn the wheels. Most cars today use a traditional Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) that was first invented by Étienne Lenoir in 1859 and was adapted into the modern version much more like what we know now by Siegfried Marcus in 1864.
Engines are are commonly described using:
- Cylinders - Usually three, four, six or eight. Clearly the more cylinders the more fuel you are using in each cycle and so will have a higher power output.
- Engine Size - The product of the number of cylinders and the volume of each cylinder gives the Engine Size. Typically measured in litres.
- Petrol and Diesel - These are the two most common types of fuel. Generally, diesels are more economical that petrol engines, but diesel cars are typically more expensive to buy in the first place so it only makes financial sense for higher-mileage drivers.
The position of the engine within the car varies. Front, mid and rear placements are all possible and are determined by weight distribution and wheel drive.
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